万维百科

突厥沙希王朝

Turk Shahis
665-850 CE
Turk Shahi portrait. King Sri Ranasrikari. Late 7th to early 8th century CE.jpg
一位突厥沙希王朝早期的君主
夏都喀布尔、冬都乌铎迦汉荼英语Udabhanda和其他重要城市
首都喀布尔
常用语言巴克特里亚语
宗教佛教古波斯信仰英语Ancient Iranian religion
Tegin 
• 665-680
巴尔哈特勤
• 680-739
乌散特勤洒
• 739-745
拂菻罽婆英语Fromo Kesaro
• 745-?
勃匐准
• ?-c. 850
拉格图尔曼
历史时期中世纪早期
• 建立
665
• 终结
850 CE
前身 继承
嚈哒
艾肯匈人
涅扎克匈人
诃达罗支
印度沙希王朝
萨法尔王朝
今属于阿富汗巴基斯坦

突厥沙希王朝土耳其语Türk Şahiler),是一个665年至850年统治喀布里斯坦迦毕试诃达罗支犍陀罗等地(今阿富汗)的西突厥西突厥-嚈哒王朝 ,以喀布尔为都。六世纪中叶起突厥人自河中地区向东南方涅扎克匈人英语Nezak Huns的领地扩张,占领巴克特里亚兴都库什等地,产生了数个独立政权,突厥沙希王朝便是其中之一,可能曾是邻近的吐火罗叶护政权之附庸。七世纪中叶巴尔哈特勤建立了突厥沙希王朝,此时期阿拉伯帝国开始向东扩张,其子乌散特勤洒在位期间曾与其发生数次冲突。九世纪突厥沙希王朝被阿拔斯帝国击败,被迫改宗伊斯兰教并向后者纳贡,850年末代国王拉格图尔曼被他的一名婆罗门官员废黜,政权由印度沙希王朝英语Hindu Shahi取代。870年萨法尔王朝占领了喀布尔。

参考文献

  1. ^ "Contained within a clay urn were a gold bracteate with the portrait of a ruler, three early drachms of the Turk-Shahis (Type 236, one of which is countermarked), and a countermarked drachm of the Sasanian king 霍斯劳二世 dating from year 37 of his reign (= 626/7). The two countermarks on Khusro 's drachm prove that the urn could only have been deposited after 689" ALRAM, MICHAEL. From the Sasanians to the Huns New Numismatic Evidence from the Hindu Kush (PDF). The Numismatic Chronicle. 2014, 174: 282–285. ISSN 0078-2696. JSTOR 44710198.
  2. ^ 2.0 2.1 Alram, Michael; Filigenzi, Anna; Kinberger, Michaela; Nell, Daniel; Pfisterer, Matthias; Vondrovec, Klaus. The Countenance of the other (The Coins of the Huns and Western Turks in Central Asia and India) 2012-2013 exhibit: 16. THE HINDU SHAHIS IN KABULISTAN AND GANDHARA AND THE ARAB CONQUEST. Pro.geo.univie.ac.at. Kunsthistorisches Museum Vienna. [July 22, 2017].
  3. ^ 3.0 3.1 Kim, Hyun Jin. The Huns. Routledge. 19 November 2015: 58–59. ISBN 978-1-317-34090-4.
  4. ^ "The advance of Islamic forces both into Tokharistan in the north and into Zabulistan farther south was opposed by local rulers of probably Western Turkish identity" in Vondrovec, Klaus. Coinage of the Nezak: 181.
  5. ^ "The period from 560 CE onwards would be that of the Western Turks, although it is not clear how and foremost when they gained power over Bactria and the Hindukush-region. Minoru Inaba states that "gradually having extended their power, they came to be independent ..."" in Vondrovec, Klaus. Coinage of the Nezak: 173.
  6. ^ Digitaler Ausstellungskatalog. pro.geo.univie.ac.at. [26 March 2020].
  7. ^ Chopra, P.N. A Comprehensive History Of Ancient India (3 Vol. Set). Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd. 2003. ISBN 978-81-207-2503-4.
  • Bosworth, Clifford Edmund (2007). Historic Cities of the Islamic World. p. 280.

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