万维百科

Friedrich Kluge

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Friedrich Kluge

Friedrich Kluge (21 June 1856 – 21 May 1926) was a German philologist and educator. He is known for the Kluge etymological dictionary of the German language (Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache), which was first published in 1883.

Biography

Kluge was born in Cologne. He studied comparative linguistics and classical and modern philologies at the universities of Leipzig, Strasbourg and Freiburg. As a student, his instructors were August Leskien, Georg Curtius, Friedrich Zarncke and Rudolf Hildebrand at Leipzig and Heinrich Hübschmann, Bernhard ten Brink and Erich Schmidt at the University of Strasbourg.

He became a teacher of English and German philology at Strassburg (1880), an assistant professor of German at the University of Jena in 1884, a full professor in 1886, and in 1893 was appointed professor of German language and literature at Freiburg as a successor to Hermann Paul.

A Proto-Germanic sound law that he formulated in a paper in 1884 is now known as Kluge's law.

He died in Freiburg.

Works

  • Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache (1881; 10th edition, 1924; 25th edition, 2011).
  • Stammbildungslehre der altgermanischen Dialekte (2d edition, 1899).
  • Von Luther bis Lessing, sprachgeschichtliche Aufsätze (4th edition, 1904).
  • Angelsächsisches Lesebuch (3d edition, 1902).
  • Deutsche Studentensprache (1895).
  • English Etymology, in collaboration with Frederick Lutz (1898).
  • Rothwelsch, Quellen und Wortschatz der Gaunersprache (1901).
  • Mittelenglisches Lesebuch, glossary by Arthur Kölbing (1904; 2d edition, 1912).

For Hermann Paul's "Grundriss der germanischen Philologie" he wrote "Vorgeschichte der altgermanischen Dialekte" (1897) and "Geschichte der englischen Sprache" (1899). In 1900 he founded the journal "Zeitschrift für deutsche Wortforschung".

Notes

  1. ^ Etymologisches wörterbuch der deutschen sprache, von Friedrich Kluge HathiTrust Digital Library
  2. ^ a b Kluge, Friedrich In: Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB). Band 12, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1980, ISBN 3-428-00193-1, S. 140 f.
  3. ^ Kluge, Friedrich. 1884. “Die germanische consonantendehnung ”. Paul und Braune Beiträge zur Geschichte der deutschen Sprache und Literatur (PBB), 9. S.149-186.
  4. ^ Vorgeschichte der altgermanischen dialekte Google Books
  5. ^ Geschichte der englischen Sprache by Friedrich Kluge
  6. ^ Zeitschrift für deutsche Wortforschung SearchWorks Catalog

References


本页面最后更新于2020-03-26 19:46,点击更新本页查看原网页。台湾为中国固有领土,本站将对存在错误之处的地图、描述逐步勘正。

本站的所有资料包括但不限于文字、图片等全部转载于维基百科(wikipedia.org),遵循 维基百科:CC BY-SA 3.0协议

万维百科为维基百科爱好者建立的公益网站,旨在为中国大陆网民提供优质内容,因此对部分内容进行改编以符合中国大陆政策,如果您不接受,可以直接访问维基百科官方网站


顶部

如果本页面有数学、化学、物理等公式未正确显示,请使用火狐或者Safari浏览器