万维百科

立陶宛人口

历回立陶宛人口普查
年份人口±%
1923 2,028,971—    
1959 2,711,445+33.6%
1970 3,128,236+15.4%
1979 3,391,490+8.4%
1989 3,674,802+8.4%
2001 3,483,972−5.2%
2011 3,043,629−12.6%
1923:不含维尔纽斯克莱佩达地区
来源:立陶宛统计部

在二战之前,由于国界的变化加上苏联的人口驱逐以及犹太人大屠杀,立陶宛的人口结构多有变化。二战之后,立陶宛的德国人和波兰人被迫移动。二战之后,立陶宛的民族结构大致保持稳定。据2011年的人口普查,立陶宛总人口有3,043,429人,其中2,561,314人是立陶宛人,占总人口的84.2。立陶宛最主要的少数族裔是波兰人和俄罗斯人。据2011年人口普查,84.9%的立陶宛人以立陶宛语为母语,77.2%的立陶宛人信仰罗马天主教。

生育率及死亡率

二战前

来源: Statistical yearbooks of Lithuania
人口 出生人数 死亡人数 自然增加 粗出生率(每1000) 粗死亡率(每1000) 自然增加率(每1000)
1915 2,137,000 38,722 43,596 -4,874 18.1 20.4 -2.3
1916 2,137,000 35,565 31,512 4,053 16.6 14.7 1.9
1917 2,134,000 32,266 43,047 -10,781 15.1 20.2 -5.1
1918 2,121,000 33,176 47,522 -14,346 15.6 22.4 -6.8
1919 2,108,000 41,095 51,930 -10,835 19.5 24.6 -5.1
1920 2,104,000 47,642 44,487 3,155 22.6 21.1 1.5
1921 2,116,000 51,864 31,915 19,949 24.5 15.1 9.4
1922 2,136,000 58,064 37,598 20,466 27.2 17.6 9.6
1923 2,161,000 60,869 32,432 28,437 28.2 15.0 13.2
1924 2,189,000 63,864 35,493 28,371 29.2 16.2 13.0
1925 2,217,000 63,743 37,179 26,564 28.8 16.8 12.0
1926 2,245,000 63,655 34,380 29,275 28.4 15.3 13.0
1927 2,273,000 66,114 38,897 27,217 29.1 17.1 12.0
1928 2,301,000 65,945 35,698 27,116 28.7 15.5 11.8
1929 2,328,000 63,083 39,669 23,414 27.1 17.0 10.1
1930 2,354,000 64,164 37,151 27,013 27.3 15.8 11.5
1931 2,380,000 63,419 37,478 25,941 26.6 15.7 10.9
1932 2,407,000 65,371 36,577 28,794 27.2 15.2 12.0
1933 2,436,000 62,145 32,749 29,396 25.5 13.4 12.1
1934 2,464,000 60,770 35,789 24,981 24.7 14.5 10.1
1935 2,488,000 57,970 34,595 23,375 23.3 13.9 9.4
1936 2,513,000 60,446 33,440 25,939 24.1 13.3 10.3
1937 2,538,000 56,393 33,260 22,433 22.2 13.1 8.8
1938 2,563,000 57,951 32,256 24,562 22.6 12.6 9.6
19391 2,432,000 54,184 32,983 21,201 22.3 13.6 8.7

1 the figures of 1939 exclude the Klaipėda Region


二战后

来源: Official Statistics Portal

人口 出生人数 死亡人数 自然增加 粗出生率(每1000) 粗死亡率(每1000) 自然增加率(每1000) 总生育率
1945 2,520,000 60,392 35,201 25,191 24.0 14.0 10.0
1946 2,530,000 58,399 37,688 20,711 23.1 14.9 8.2
1947 2,540,000 59,680 39,716 19,964 23.5 15.6 7.9
1948 2,550,000 58,780 35,137 23,643 23.1 13.8 9.3
1949 2,560,000 63,034 32,049 30,985 24.6 12.5 12.1
1950 2,567,000 60,719 30,870 29,849 23.7 12.0 11.6
1951 2,569,000 58,504 29,693 28,811 22.8 11.6 11.2
1952 2,576,000 56,944 28,166 28,778 22.1 10.9 11.2
1953 2,590,000 52,610 27,118 25,492 20.3 10.5 9.8
1954 2,607,000 54,229 25,559 28,670 20.8 9.8 11.0
1955 2,629,000 55,525 24,138 31,387 21.1 9.2 11.9
1956 2,653,000 53,741 21,869 31,872 20.3 8.2 12.0
1957 2,681,000 56,223 23,361 32,862 21.0 8.7 12.3
1958 2,711,000 61,190 22,103 39,087 22.6 8.2 14.4 2.63
1959 2,744,000 62,241 24,688 37,553 22.7 9.0 13.7 2.63
1960 2,782,000 62,485 21,611 40,874 22.5 7.8 14.7 2.59
1961 2,828,000 62,775 23,365 39,410 22.2 8.3 13.9 2.57
1962 2,865,000 59,728 24,925 34,803 20.8 8.7 12.1 2.64
1963 2,893,000 57,024 23,112 33,912 19.7 8.0 11.7 2.45
1964 2,928,000 55,856 21,830 34,026 19.1 7.5 11.6 2.31
1965 2,967,000 53,818 23,467 30,351 18.1 7.9 10.2 2.21
1966 3,006,000 54,275 23,799 30,476 18.1 7.9 10.1 2.34
1967 3,045,000 53,806 24,571 29,235 17.7 8.1 9.6 2.27
1968 3,083,000 54,258 25,725 28,533 17.6 8.3 9.3 2.25
1969 3,115,000 54,263 27,156 27,107 17.4 8.7 8.7 2.29
1970 3,144,000 55,519 28,048 27,471 17.7 8.9 8.7 2.40
1971 3,179,000 56,044 26,972 29,072 17.6 8.5 9.1 2.41
1972 3,214,000 54,616 29,252 25,364 17.0 9.1 7.9 2.35
1973 3,244,000 51,944 29,160 22,784 16.0 9.0 7.0 2.22
1974 3,274,000 51,941 29,612 22,329 15.9 9.0 6.8 2.21
1975 3,302,000 51,766 31,265 20,501 15.7 9.5 6.2 2.18
1976 3,329,000 52,296 31,972 20,324 15.7 9.6 6.1 2.18
1977 3,355,000 52,166 32,932 19,234 15.5 9.8 5.7 2.14
1978 3,379,000 51,821 34,008 17,813 15.3 10.1 5.3 2.09
1979 3,398,000 51,937 34,897 17,040 15.3 10.3 5.0 2.05
1980 3,413,000 51,765 35,871 15,894 15.2 10.5 4.7 1.99
1981 3,433,000 52,249 35,579 16,670 15.2 10.4 4.9 1.98
1982 3,457,000 53,141 35,040 18,101 15.4 10.1 5.2 1.97
1983 3,485,000 57,589 36,451 21,138 16.5 10.5 6.1 2.10
1984 3,514,000 57,576 38,666 18,910 16.4 11.0 5.4 2.07
1985 3,545,000 58,454 39,169 19,285 16.5 11.0 5.4 2.09
1986 3,579,000 59,705 35,788 23,917 16.7 10.0 6.7 2.12
1987 3,616,000 59,360 36,917 22,443 16.4 10.2 6.2 2.11
1988 3,655,000 56,727 37,649 19,078 15.5 10.3 5.2 2.02
1989 3,684,000 55,782 38,150 17,632 15.1 10.3 4.8 1.98
1990 3,698,000 56,868 39,760 17,108 15.3 10.7 4.6 2.02
1991 3,704,000 56,219 41,013 15,206 15.2 11.1 4.1 2.00
1992 3,700,000 53,617 41,455 12,162 14.5 11.2 3.3 1.94
1993 3,683,000 47,464 46,107 1,357 12.9 12.5 0.4 1.74
1994 3,657,000 42,376 46,486 -4,110 11.6 12.7 -1.1 1.57
1995 3,629,000 41,195 45,306 -4,111 11.4 12.5 -1.1 1.55
1996 3,602,000 39,066 42,896 -3,830 10.8 11.9 -1.1 1.49
1997 3,575,000 37,812 41,143 -3,331 10.5 11.5 -0.9 1.47
1998 3,549,000 37,019 40,757 -3,738 10.4 11.4 -1.0 1.46
1999 3,524,000 36,415 40,003 -3,588 10.3 11.3 -1.0 1.46
2000 3,500,000 34,149 38,919 -4,770 9.7 11.1 -1.4 1.39
2001 3,471,000 31,185 40,399 -9,214 8.9 11.6 -2.6 1.29
2002 3,443,000 29,541 41,072 -11,531 8.6 11.9 -3.3 1.23
2003 3,415,000 29,977 40,990 -11,013 8.7 11.9 -3.2 1.26
2004 3,377,000 29,769 41,340 -11,571 8.8 12.2 -3.4 1.27
2005 3,323,000 29,510 43,799 -14,289 8.8 13.1 -4.3 1.29
2006 3,270,000 29,606 44,813 -15,207 9.0 13.6 -4.6 1.33
2007 3,231,000 30,020 45,624 -15,604 9.2 14.0 -4.8 1.36
2008 3,198,000 31,536 43,832 -12,296 9.8 13.6 -3.8 1.45
2009 3,163,000 32,165 42,032 -9,867 10.1 13.2 -3.1 1.50
2010 3,097,000 30,676 42,120 -11,444 9.8 13.4 -3.6 1.50
2011 3,028,000 30,268 41,037 -10,769 9.9 13.4 -3.5 1.55
2012 2,988,000 30,459 40,938 -10,479 10.1 13.6 -3.5 1.60
2013 2,944,000 29,885 41,511 -11,626 10.1 14.0 -3.9 1.59
2014 2,907,000 30,369 40,252 -9,883 10.3 13.7 -3.4 1.63
2015 2,878,000 31,475 41,776 -10,301 10.8 14.3 -3.5 1.70
2016 2,848,000 30,623 41,106 -10,483 10.6 14.2 -3.6 1.69
2017 2,809,000 28,696 40,142 -11,446 10.1 14.1 -4.0 1.63
2018 2,794,000 28,149 39,574 -11,425 10.0 14.1 -4.1 1.63
2019 2,794,000 27,393 38,281 -10,888 9.8 13.7 -3.9 1.61
2020p 2,795,000 24,521 43,555 -19,034 8.8 15.6 -6.8

参考资料

  1. ^ Statistics Lithuania census 2011: GYVENTOJAI PAGAL TAUTYBĘ, GIMTĄJĄ KALBĄ IR TIKYBĄ
  2. ^ Department of Statistics to the Government of the Republic of Lithuania. Ethnicity, mother tongue and religion. (原始内容存档于2014-10-08).. 2013-03-15.
  3. ^ Official Statistics Portal.

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